Some basic road rules when traveling in Australia:
- Drivers must always keep to the left hand side of the road
- Pedestrians should always look right first before crossing a road
- Seat belts and child restraints must be worn by all vehicle occupants
- Always carry a copy of your driver’s license in English
Be prepared, take the Quiz - Essential Tourist driving theory
Hiring a car or campervan for your Australian holiday? Familiarise yourself with our Road Code rules by taking the Quiz. The questions are designed to help tourists stay safe while travelling in Australia.
Take the Quiz Now
- Reading traffic signals, stop signs and give way signs at various intersections.
- Learn who has the right of way. Where should your car be on the road when driving - intersections and unlaned roads, and more.
- Basic road code driving knowledge - following and passing rules, give way rules and more.
Make sure you have a valid licence to drive in Australia.
If you have a foreign licence, please ensure
- it is current
- it is appropriate for a full size motor vehicle (not restricted or learner)
- it is accompanied by an International Driving Permit.
If your licence is in a language other than English you must also present an accredited English translation.
- Drive no faster than the speed limit signs allow; and slower in rain or fog
- Alcohol and driving don’t mix. For experienced drivers the blood alcohol level is 0.05. Provisional drivers and young drivers may not have any alcohol before driving
- Fatigue causes many crashes in Australia. When driving long distances, stop and rest every 2 hours
- All traffic must proceed in a clockwise direction in a roundabout. A vehicle already on a roundabout has right of way over any vehicles entering.
- Always overtake to the right. Be sure you can see enough of the road to complete overtaking and move back to your side of the road. Never overtake on corners, blind rises or on double white lines. When overtaking heavy vehicles in wet weather, beware of wind turbulence and wheel spray causing a reduction in visibility. Allow plenty of space behind you when pulling back in after passing a truck. Trucks can’t stop as quickly as cars, especially when carrying heavy loads.
- Australia is an enormous country with driving conditions that can differ greatly from other countries. When calculating travelling time it is important to take into consideration the need to reduce speed through the many towns and cities. You will also need to consider adverse road and weather conditions.
- Australia is lucky to have many native animals living in their natural habitats. Enjoy them, but remember they can be a hazard on country roads. Although it is a natural instinct to swerve to avoid an animal, keep your vehicle on the same line, slow down, and stop if possible. Remember there may be an oncoming vehicle. It is preferable to cause minor damage to your car by colliding with an animal, rather than with another vehicle or immovable object.
- Remember that campervans are double the height and length of sedan vehicles. Keep an eye out for height indicator signs, cantilever awnings, overhanging tree branches and be careful when reversing near fixed objects (walls etc.).
- Remember the four basic survival rules if you are in an accident in a remote area:
1. Do not leave your vehicle.
2. Stay in the shade.
3. Conserve water.
4. Prepare effective signals.
Toll Roads in Australia
Please be aware that toll fees apply on some roads in Australia.
You will likely encounter toll roads if you are driving through Metropolitan New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria. When driving a rental vehicle in Australia you are responsible for paying toll fees, so it is important to be aware of these roads before you travel. As most toll roads in Australia are electronically tolled, you will not be able to stop and pay cash. Please refer to
this brochure which provides an overview of all Australian toll roads as well as information on how to pay for toll travel.